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Friday, September 26, 2008

Five Stages of Violent Crime

"Five Stages of Violent Crime"

"...There is a big difference between self-defense and personal safety...."

by Marc MacYoung

There is a big difference between self-defense
and personal safety. Self defense is predicated
on the fact that you are in a very bad place
to begin with. Things have already gone to
hell in a hand basket. As such, self defenses
is making sure the situation doesn't
get any worse -- it is damage control,
pure and simple. However, no damage control
is EVER as good as preventing the problem
in the first place. That's personal safety...
                               Marc MacYoung


Five Stages of Violent Crime
The Five Stages of Violent Crime is an internationally recognized system to identify
if -- and determine when and if -- you are being set up for a crime or violence. The information contained on this page is from DVD/video, Street Safe: How to Recognize and Avoid Violent Crime. It is used by police, military and firearms instructors around the world as a training and teaching tool. Also the system is taught internationally in self defense and crime prevention courses(1).

While we strongly advocate awareness and avoidance as a primary means for personal safety sometimes that isn't enough. The Five Stages of Violent Crime has been tested in court as an easily explainable standard by which individuals determined if they were legally justified to use self defense tactics. Remember, when it comes to violence there are usually legal repercussions. Therefore we strongly advocate you know when you are justified to use force.

The Five Stages of Violent Crime:
Crime and violence are processes that take time to develop. The attack is not the first step, the preliminary triangle must be built. There are five distinct stages that are easily identified:

1) Intent
2) Interview
3) Positioning
4) Attack
5) Reaction

During the first three stages, you can prevent an attack without the use of violence. These are where the criminal (or violent person) decides whether or not he can get away with it. He may want to (Intent), but if he doesn't have the opportunity (Positioning) he cannot succeed. The Interview is his way to double check if you are safe for him to attack. If these conditions are not met, he will not attack!

What we are about to say is not hyperbole. Selecting a safe victim is a matter of life or death for the criminal. If he picks the wrong target, he's the one who is going to die. Therefore, he's going to make sure he can successfully use violence against you (Interview and Positioning) before he commits himself to act. Once he is sure of his ability to succeed -- and has put you in a position where he can quickly overwhelm you -- he will attack.

Below is a shorthand version of the five stages. Each is linked to a more in-depth look at the subject:

Intent
This is where the person crosses a normal mental boundary. From this point, the person is mentally and physically prepared to commit violence in order to get what he wants - whatever that may be. Being able to recognize when intent is present is one of the key components of your personal safety. yet, this isn't always easy as you might think. The criminal has often learned how to mask it behind words and feigned innocence. But once you know how to spot the physiological signs, it is easily recognizable. Learn more about intent.

Interview
With all violence, the assailant's safety is a critical factor in deciding whether or not to attack. While in interpersonal violence, the deciding factor may be anger, strong emotion or pride. However, with criminal violence it is more of a conscious decision. This leads us to the interview, where the criminal decides upon your suitability as a victim. There are several kinds of interviews common to criminal attacks

Positioning
This is the criminal putting himself in a place where he can successfully attack you. A criminal (or even a violent person) doesn't want to fight you; he wants to overwhelm you. To do this, he has to put himself in a position where he can do it quickly and effectively. An attempt to develop positioning is the final proof of ill intent. Someone trying to position himself to attack removes all doubt that the situation is innocent. Like the Interview, there are several kinds of Positioning.

Attack
The attack is the when the criminal/violent person commits himself to using force -- or the threat of force -- to get what he wants. Like the other stages there are important distinctions to be made about the kind of attack you will face.

Reaction
Reaction is how the criminal feels about what he has done. However, this is made more complicated by the fact that your reaction is an important contributing factor.

AOI (Short-hand version)
What follows is a parallel system to the Five Stages of Violent Crime. AOI stands for Ability, Opportunity and Intent. Although not as complete as the Five Stages, it will give you a quick-rule-of-thumb set of standards to determine whether or not you are in danger. While the Five Stages is more complete, for people who are not particularly interested in self-defense, AOI is a nice set of fast and easy guidelines. We present both models for you to select which works best for you.

There is a concept called the triangle among firefighters. Along each side is an element that a fire needs in order to burn. If you take away one of these elements, the triangle collapses and the fire goes out. Crime is the same: In order for it to occur, there must be three basic elements

This is easily remembered as A.O.I. (Ability, Opportunity and Intent). Take away any one of these elements and the triangle collapses. In other words, the crime does not have what it needs to occur.

Ability: Does the person have the ability to attack you? Could this person successfully assault you, whether through physical prowess, a weapon or numerical superiority? Many women underestimate male upper-body strength and how vulnerable they are to being physically overwhelmed.

Opportunity: Does this person have the opportunity to attack you? Are you alone with him or even in an area beyond immediate help? Could anyone come to your assistance within twenty seconds or less? As many victims have found, you can be robbed in plain view or raped with people in the next room.

Intent: Is he in a mental place where using violence to get what he wants makes sense to him?
Of the three, intent is the most nebulous, yet it is vital for determining who is a threat. It is the literally the difference between going off with someone to talk and being raped. Skip over to Intent page and to the profile of a rapist. Acquainting yourself with the criminal mindset is also highly recommended.

The fastest way to figure out if you are in potential danger is to look for these three elements. If you see one, look for the others. If you see two out of three stop whatever else you are doing and pay close attention for a moment. If you see him trying to develop the third, withdraw from the situation to a safer area. This is easier than using physical violence. As you will soon see, opportunity often means staying in an area where someone could effectively use physical violence against you. If you do not see these elements then odds are you are safe. There is no triangle.

If you wish to adhere to a more legally sanctioned idea, you can exchange the I of Intent for a K of Known (for known dangerous behavior = jeopardy). This turns it into the acronym A-OK. Which might be easier for someone to remember.

Conclusion
Knowing the five stages is a standardized guide by which you can assess the potential threat of a situation. These five stages are inherent within crime and violence. What is important to realize is that the first three stages might not occur in that particular order. A violent and selfish person may suddenly find himself with the perfect opportunity/ability to commit a rape, and suddenly the intent appears. There was no conscious initial decision, but the circumstances developed. Due to an intrinsic flaw in his personality, he can decide to act in a violent manner. This is why you always need to check for ability, opportunity and intent (AOI).

As stated the Pyramid of Personal Safety was developed to counter the Five Stages. As the criminal must develop these stages in order to successfully attack you, the pyramid undermines his attempts. By foiling him instead attempting to contest him, you can avoid using violence in all but the most extreme circumstances.

Two major problems exist regarding self-defense. The first is knowing when to use it. How do we know when is the right time? How can we be sure we are not overreacting or starting at shadows? We should all have reservations about using force. Much of this confusion is alleviated by having a proven and external set of standards to compare a situation against. If you don't see the triangle, it is not the time to use violence.

The other problem with self-defense is the legal ramifications. In many states, you risk being prosecuted for "attempted self-defense," both on a criminal and civil front. What was an obvious threat at the time can be later undermined in court by an attorney. When the DA asks how you knew you were in immediate danger you had better have a better answer than "he looked at me mean."

If you end up in court to defend your defending yourself, either system will help you clarify and rationally explain why you thought your actions were warranted.

The DVD Street Safe shows you what has been discussed on this page.

1)LEGAL WARNING: This is a condensed version of information found in my book, Safe in the City and the video/DVD Street Safe/Safe in the Streets. While it is offered to the general public for personal use, it (like everything else on this Web site) is copyrighted and registered material. Commercial dissemination of this system without express permission from, or credit to, the author constitutes infringement.
11:00 am edt 

Monday, September 8, 2008

Road Delays, don't be late
 
ROAD DELAYS!
Both State Roads 129 & 247 are being resurfaced at the same time. This construction will result in lane closures, [down to 1 lane roads] from now through Dec. 08'. Keep this in mind and allow extra time when traveling to class.
9:13 am edt 

Friday, September 5, 2008

ADHD It's not just for adults.
Are You an ADHD Adult?
It’s Not Just a Kids Disorder
By Edward C. Geehr, MD
Sunday, April 29, 2007
Got the lunches made. Oops, forgot to let the dog out. Need to pick up the dry cleaning. Michael’s hair is a mess. Do I have to take the car in today? I’ll need to reschedule my manicure. Anyone seen my keys? Is the carpool here already? If this scatter of thoughts seems familiar, you may be one of the estimated six to 15 million adults with ADHD…Your inattention and restlessness may not only be the quirks of your personality. You may have ADHD (attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder), a behavioral disorder that most of us associate with unruly children. But, in fact, about 65% of children with ADHD carry the disorder into adulthood, making it an adult problem as well.Although ADHD adults may develop better coping skills than they had as children, they still struggle to get through the day. Not only does ADHD interfere with organizing and completing daily tasks, but adults with the disorder are also prone to depression, anxiety, forgetfulness, and even an increased risk of divorce and car accidents. Even simple duties may demand great concentration and effort. In part, that’s because ADHD adults are easily distracted by sound, sight, or even touch. Whatever the stimulus, ADHD adults may be knocked off-course by even minor distractions.

The three core symptoms of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. The symptoms of inattention include losing track of thoughts or focus in the middle of tasks; missing details or making careless mistakes; inability to complete work assignments; forgetfulness; and difficulty following instructions.The symptoms of hyperactivity in adults are similar to those in children but more subtle: constantly shifting in a chair, tapping your feet or a pencil, playing or tugging at hair or clothing. Even those aware of their repetitive motions may be unable to stop.Impulsive behavior can be even more annoying in adults than in kids – and potentially dangerous. ADHD adults tend to bug the rest of us: We wish they would “grow up.” They tend to interrupt constantly or blurt out inappropriate comments. They can’t stand waiting in lines and may try to cut in front or find a “friend” near the head of the line. They also have trouble anticipating the consequences of their actions. Although this lack of foresight in children can be disruptive, in adults it can threaten families, jobs and even safety. A young ADHD adult paired with a car can be a dangerous combination.

In the workplace, ADHD can erode performance. Some people with ADHD change jobs often or have trouble holding a job. The way they handle tasks shifts from one to the next: One assignment is done well, but the next is late, poorly done or incomplete. The ADHD adult feels like he breezes through some tasks but he can’t get any traction on or stay interested in others. Co-workers are puzzled by this variability, often attributing it to personal problems or even substance abuse.Unfortunately, scientists don’t yet know the cause of ADHD and laboratory tests can’t confirm a diagnosis. They do know, however, that the disorder runs in families. If you have a parent with the disorder, you have more than a 50% chance of having it as well. If you have a child with ADHD, you have a 25% chance of already having the disorder yourself. Unlike childhood ADHD, which affects three times as many boys as girls, adult ADHD is more democratic, evenly distributing itself between genders.Doctors diagnose ADHD based on family, developmental and childhood history, current signs and symptoms. Still, ruling out potentially serious and/or treatable neurological disorders that can mimic ADHD symptoms, such as Tourette’s Syndrome, temporal lobe seizures, early stage brain tumor, elevated blood lead levels, hypo- or hyperthyroidism, and hearing or vision impairment, is important.Most workups for detecting ADHD include a physical exam. Some doctors will also request an EEG (electroencephalogram, which records the electrical activity of the brain), CT (computed tomography, or x-ray procedure, that records cross-sectional pictures of parts of the body, in this case the brain) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging, a diagnostic technique that produces cross-sectional images of any body part, in this instance the brain) to rule out other conditions.
ADHD has no cure. Fortunately, several drug treatments – primarily stimulants – are effective for both children and adults. Approximately two-thirds of ADHD adults taking stimulants experience significant improvements. And the drugs take effect fast, a remarkable finding. Few medications have such a profound and immediate effect. Unfortunately, most stimulants wear off quickly each day, returning adults to their usual difficulty of completing tasks and staying focused. Many ADHD adults turn to coffee. In fact, some can’t do without it; caffeine’s stimulating effect helps them focus and stay on task. In fact, some get so much relief from coffee that they become caffeine abusers, drinking excessive amounts of coffee each day.Stimulant medications, also called psychostimulants, include Ritalin® and Ritalin LA®, Methylin®, Metadate®, Concerta®, and Adderall® and Adderall XR®. Several of these brands offer long-acting formulations to reduce the need for frequent dosing. Only Adderall XR® is indicated for the treatment of ADHD in children, adolescents and adults.Non-stimulant medications are also available, including Wellbutrin® and Straterra®. Available since 2003, Straterra® is the first non-stimulant medication approved to control ADHD symptoms in children, adolescents and adults. Wellbutrin® is sometimes used “off-label” for treatment of combined conditions such as ADHD and depression. Off-label means that doctors prescribe the drug for disorders not officially approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).Adults can also complement any drug therapy by using a few coping strategies. These include taking medications as directed (don’t double up if you miss a dose); making lists of tasks and keeping them nearby; taking a deep breath or excusing yourself from situations when you feel tempted to act out or interrupt; recognizing and minimizing stimuli that distract you (sounds, sights and physical sensations); and engaging in activities that you find calming or comforting such as gardening, walking or cooking.

Here are some questions to consider if you think you may have ADHD:
Does your mind wander while you are working on a task?
Are you easily distracted?
Do you tend to start a project and have difficulty completing it?
Does your attention stray in the middle of a conversation?
Are you forgetful about appointments and regular events?
Do you have difficulty relaxing?
Are you impatient when you need to wait?
Do you fidget and shift constantly in your seat?
Do you commonly lose track of keys, purses and other items?
Do you interrupt others before they finish speaking?
Is it difficult for you to manage or resolve conflicts?
If these issues sound familiar, you may want to consult a healthcare professional.

Resources:National Resource Center on ADHD Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (www.help4adhd.org)Attention Deficit Information Network, Inc.
6:33 am edt 

Borderline Personality Disorder
I had never heard of this syndrome before. Kirk Beck, previously a private student of mine sent this article to Lee Wedlake. That is how I found out about it. It may be of interest to some of you. Tim

Borderline Personality Disorder

Raising questions, finding answers
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior. This instability often disrupts family and work life, long-term planning, and the individual's sense of self-identity. Originally thought to be at the "borderline" of psychosis, people with BPD suffer from a disorder of emotion regulation. While less well known than schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness), BPD is more common, affecting 2 percent of adults, mostly young women.1 There is a high rate of self-injury without suicide intent, as well as a significant rate of suicide attempts and completed suicide in severe cases.2,3 Patients often need extensive mental health services, and account for 20 percent of psychiatric hospitalizations.4 Yet, with help, many improve over time and are eventually able to lead productive lives.

Symptoms
While a person with depression or bipolar disorder typically endures the same mood for weeks, a person with BPD may experience intense bouts of anger, depression, and anxiety that may last only hours, or at most a day.5 These may be associated with episodes of impulsive aggression, self-injury, and drug or alcohol abuse. Distortions in cognition and sense of self can lead to frequent changes in long-term goals, career plans, jobs, friendships, gender identity, and values. Sometimes people with BPD view themselves as fundamentally bad, or unworthy. They may feel unfairly misunderstood or mistreated, bored, empty, and have little idea who they are. Such symptoms are most acute when people with BPD feel isolated and lacking in social support, and may result in frantic efforts to avoid being alone.

People with BPD often have highly unstable patterns of social relationships. While they can develop intense but stormy attachments, their attitudes towards family, friends, and loved ones may suddenly shift from idealization (great admiration and love) to devaluation (intense anger and dislike). Thus, they may form an immediate attachment and idealize the other person, but when a slight separation or conflict occurs, they switch unexpectedly to the other extreme and angrily accuse the other person of not caring for them at all. Even with family members, individuals with BPD are highly sensitive to rejection, reacting with anger and distress to such mild separations as a vacation, a business trip, or a sudden change in plans. These fears of abandonment seem to be related to difficulties feeling emotionally connected to important persons when they are physically absent, leaving the individual with BPD feeling lost and perhaps worthless. Suicide threats and attempts may occur along with anger at perceived abandonment and disappointments.

People with BPD exhibit other impulsive behaviors, such as excessive spending, binge eating and risky sex. BPD often occurs together with other psychiatric problems, particularly bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and other personality disorders.

Treatment
Treatments for BPD have improved in recent years. Group and individual psychotherapy are at least partially effective for many patients. Within the past 15 years, a new psychosocial treatment termed dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) was developed specifically to treat BPD, and this technique has looked promising in treatment studies.6 Pharmacological treatments are often prescribed based on specific target symptoms shown by the individual patient. Antidepressant drugs and mood stabilizers may be helpful for depressed and/or labile mood. Antipsychotic drugs may also be used when there are distortions in thinking.7

Recent Research Findings
Although the cause of BPD is unknown, both environmental and genetic factors are thought to play a role in predisposing patients to BPD symptoms and traits. Studies show that many, but not all individuals with BPD report a history of abuse, neglect, or separation as young children.8 Forty to 71 percent of BPD patients report having been sexually abused, usually by a non-caregiver.9 Researchers believe that BPD results from a combination of individual vulnerability to environmental stress, neglect or abuse as young children, and a series of events that trigger the onset of the disorder as young adults. Adults with BPD are also considerably more likely to be the victim of violence, including rape and other crimes. This may result from both harmful environments as well as impulsivity and poor judgement in choosing partners and lifestyles.

NIMH-funded neuroscience research is revealing brain mechanisms underlying the impulsivity, mood instability, aggression, anger, and negative emotion seen in BPD. Studies suggest that people predisposed to impulsive aggression have impaired regulation of the neural circuits that modulate emotion.10 The amygdala, a small almond-shaped structure deep inside the brain, is an important component of the circuit that regulates negative emotion. In response to signals from other brain centers indicating a perceived threat, it marshals fear and arousal. This might be more pronounced under the influence of drugs like alcohol, or stress. Areas in the front of the brain (pre-frontal area) act to dampen the activity of this circuit. Recent brain imaging studies show that individual differences in the ability to activate regions of the prefrontal cerebral cortex thought to be involved in inhibitory activity predict the ability to suppress negative emotion.11

Serotonin, norepinephrine and acetylcholine are among the chemical messengers in these circuits that play a role in the regulation of emotions, including sadness, anger, anxiety, and irritability. Drugs that enhance brain serotonin function may improve emotional symptoms in BPD. Likewise, mood-stabilizing drugs that are known to enhance the activity of GABA, the brain's major inhibitory neurotransmitter, may help people who experience BPD-like mood swings. Such brain-based vulnerabilities can be managed with help from behavioral interventions and medications, much like people manage susceptibility to diabetes or high blood pressure.7

Future Progress
Studies that translate basic findings about the neural basis of temperament, mood regulation, and cognition into clinically relevant insights�which bear directly on BPD�represent a growing area of NIMH-supported research. Research is also underway to test the efficacy of combining medications with behavioral treatments like DBT, and gauging the effect of childhood abuse and other stress in BPD on brain hormones. Data from the first prospective, longitudinal study of BPD, which began in the early 1990s, is expected to reveal how treatment affects the course of the illness. It will also pinpoint specific environmental factors and personality traits that predict a more favorable outcome. The Institute is also collaborating with a private foundation to help attract new researchers to develop a better understanding and better treatment for BPD.

References
1Swartz M, Blazer D, George L, Winfield I. Estimating the prevalence of borderline personality disorder in the community. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1990; 4(3): 257-72.

2Soloff PH, Lis JA, Kelly T, Cornelius J, Ulrich R. Self-mutilation and suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1994; 8(4): 257-67.

3Gardner DL, Cowdry RW. Suicidal and parasuicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 1985; 8(2): 389-403.

4Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR. Treatment histories of borderline inpatients. Comprehensive Psychiatry, in press.

5Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, DeLuca CJ, Hennen J, Khera GS, Gunderson JG. The pain of being borderline: dysphoric states specific to borderline personality disorder. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 1998; 6(4): 201-7.

6Koerner K, Linehan MM. Research on dialectical behavior therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2000; 23(1): 151-67.

7Siever LJ, Koenigsberg HW. The frustrating no-mans-land of borderline personality disorder. Cerebrum, The Dana Forum on Brain Science, 2000; 2(4).

8Zanarini MC, Frankenburg. Pathways to the development of borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1997; 11(1): 93-104.

9Zanarini MC. Childhood experiences associated with the development of borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2000; 23(1): 89-101.

10Davidson RJ, Jackson DC, Kalin NH. Emotion, plasticity, context and regulation: perspectives from affective neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 2000; 126(6): 873-89.

11Davidson RJ, Putnam KM, Larson CL. Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation - a possible prelude to violence. Science, 2000; 289(5479): 591-4.


6:14 am edt 

What Really Goes On When We Sleep & Why Sleep Is So Important.
Brain Connections Strengthen During Waking Hours, Weaken During Sleep
ScienceDaily (Jan. 21, 2008) — Most people know it from experience: After so many hours of being awake, your brain feels unable to absorb any more--and several hours of sleep will refresh it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Now new research from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health clarifies this phenomenon, supporting the idea that sleep plays a critical role in the brain's ability to change in response to its environment. This ability, called plasticity, is at the heart of learning.
The UW-Madison scientists showed by several measures that synapses -- nerve cell connections central to brain plasticity -- were very strong when rodents had been awake and weak when they had been asleep.
The new findings reinforce the UW-Madison researchers' highly-debated hypothesis about the role of sleep. They believe that people sleep so that their synapses can downsize and prepare for a new day and the next round of learning and synaptic strengthening.
The human brain expends up to 80 percent of its energy on synaptic activity, constantly adding and strengthening connections in response to all kinds of stimulation, explains study author Chiara Cirelli, associate professor of psychiatry.
Given that each of the millions of neurons in the human brain contains thousands of synapses, this energy expenditure "is huge and can't be sustained.""We need an off-line period, when we are not exposed to the environment, to take synapses down," Cirelli say. "We believe that's why humans and all living organisms sleep. Without sleep, the brain reaches a saturation point that taxes its energy budget, its store of supplies and its ability to learn further."
To test the theory, researchers conducted both molecular and electro-physiological studies in rats to evaluate synaptic potentiation, or strengthening, and depression, or weakening, following sleeping and waking times. In one set of experiments, they looked at brain slices to measure the number of specific receptors, or binding sites, that had moved to synapses.
"Recent research has shown that as synaptic activity increases, more of these glutamatergic receptors enter the synapse and make it bigger and stronger," explains Cirelli.
The Wisconsin group was surprised to find that rats had an almost 50 percent receptor increase after a period of wakefulness compared to rats that had been asleep.In a second molecular experiment, the scientists examined how many of the receptors underwent phosphorylation, another indicator of synaptic potentiation. They found phosphorylation levels were much higher during waking than sleeping. The results were the same when they measured other enzymes that are typically active during synaptic potentiation.
To strengthen their case, Cirelli and colleagues also performed studies in live rats to evaluate electrical signals reflecting synaptic changes at different times. This involved stimulating one side of each rat's brain with an electrode following waking and sleeping and then measuring the "evoked response," which is similar to an EEG, on another side.The studies again showed that, for the same levels of stimulation, responses were stronger following a long period of waking and weaker after sleep, suggesting that synapses must have grown stronger.
"Taken together, these molecular and electro-physiological measures fit nicely with the idea that our brain circuits get progressively stronger during wakefulness and that sleep helps to recalibrate them to a sustainable baseline," says Cirelli.
The theory she and collaborator Dr. Giulio Tononi, professor of psychiatry, have developed, called the synaptic homeostasis hypothesis, runs against the grain of what many scientists currently think about how sleep affects learning. The most popular notion these days, says Cirelli, is that during sleep synapses are hard at work replaying the information acquired during the previous waking hours, consolidating that information by becoming even stronger."That's different from what we think," she says. "We believe that learning occurs only when we are awake, and sleep's main function is to keep our brains and all its synapses lean and efficient."

This research was published in the Jan. 20, 2008, online version of Nature Neuroscience.
Adapted from materials provided by University of Wisconsin-Madison, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
6:09 am edt 

Kenpo Drive Through
Many of you were there for this one and remember.  This occured in May 08'.  Tim

This month is the 4 yr anniversary that I opened American Kenpo Karate University, Inc. in my small town of Branford, FL and this afternoon we celebrated with a bang. A very Large BANG!While teaching my kids class this afternoon a large BANG startled class as two 13 yr old girls drove a car into the side of my school. They attempted to drive off but my shaved head and karate uniform and black belt running up to the car as the driver attempted to drive off got her to stop and turns out both girls know me from substitute teaching them at school. [they told the deputy that they were very afraid of me]The passenger was taken to the hospital on a back board. No one in my school was hurt, but some kids closest to the impact wall shaken up and a lot of mad, irate parents. Could have been a lot worse. The building wall is caved in several inches and my inside wall is wrecked. My personal property damage is minimal my one or two floor mats squished where the wall came in and I'll have to paint after structural repairs are done. There was several tickets written. I pray for the girl and her family and thank God no one was seriously hurt. Yours in Kenpo, Tim
6:04 am edt 

Trained to Kill: Are We Conditioning Our Children to Commit Murder?

Children don't naturally kill; they learn it from violence in the home and most pervasively, from violence as entertainment in television, movies, and interactive video games.

The below link is an excellent article concerning kids killing others. I have forwarded this to school administrators and parents alike. Changes have to be made. Parents, you are the first line of defense in your childs behavior.  Read this article. Tim

http://www.killology.com/article_trainedtokill.htm

6:01 am edt 

Burglar loses fight with blind homeowner

Burglar loses fight with blind homeowner

Outmatched and with a knife to his throat, intruder offers to help dial 911

Video
  Blind man subdues intruder
April 24: When he encountered an intruder in his home, Allan Kieta subdued him and held him until the police came — despite being blind. He and his family relate the amazing story in a TODAY exclusive.

Today show

The Week in...  
  
Image: Four Chinese boys practise handstand
Imaginechina
  The Week in Pictures
From natural disasters around the world to political maneuverings in the U.S.
AP
  Week in Sports Pictures
Golfing from the rough, college football openers, net gain for tennis, and more
Lowlands Music Festival
Redux Pictures
  The Week in celebrity sightings
Johnny Rotten bugs out in Holland, Posh pushes her perfume, Sam spins records with Lindsay and more
AP
  Animal Tracks
From dogs united in matrimony to lazy sea lions, images of creatures great and small.
Slide show
  April 12 - 19
From an leaping lemur to a skateboarding pooch, find images of animals great and small.

more photos

Slide show
Image: Uma Thurman in Kill Bill.
  Best martial arts movies
“Enter the Dragon” to “Kill Bill Vol. 1,” a look at some of cinema’s best martial arts films.

more photos

By Mike Celizic
TODAYShow.com contributor
updated 9:31 a.m. ET, Thurs., April. 24, 2008

The next time Allan Kieta thinks there might be an intruder in his home, he’s not going to rush blindly into a fight for his life.

The 49-year-old Indianapolis husband and father of two meant that literally when he said it Thursday on TODAY. Kieta really is blind, but that didn’t stop him from subduing a would-be burglar 24 years his junior with wrestling moves learned more than 30 years ago.

The battle took place Monday and lasted from 30 to 40 minutes. Kieta wasn’t even supposed to be home, but he decided to take a day off from work and sleep in. When his pet poodle started barking hysterically, he got out of bed and, instead of calling 911 on the phone or listening to try to determine who was in the house, he opened the bedroom door and went into the hall — and straight into an intruder.

“He attacked me — as soon as I ran into him, it was like a war started,” Kieta told TODAY’s Matt Lauer in New York. “It was like mayhem for the first few seconds till I was able to get him down. Then things started calming down a little bit.”

Some 32 years ago, Kieta had been a champion wrestler in high school, and his father was a Marine who taught his son some tricks of the trade. Since he couldn’t see to trade punches with the intruder, Kieta said he knew he had to use his wrestling skills to get the fight onto the floor, where blindness would not be a great handicap.

“In wrestling you have to get control of him, and by doing that you have to go either forward or you have to turn,” Kieta said. “We were in the hallway, so there wasn’t any way to circle him. So I basically came straight at him until I could get hold of him and pull him down, and I was on top of him.”

Kieta acted as if it weren’t that big of a deal. Once he got the intruder, later identified as Alvaro Castro, 25, on the ground, he was able to control him. In doing so, he remembered a trick his father had told him about and lifted Castro up by his belt, which forced his upper body down.

The battle went from the hallway through the laundry room and into the kitchen.

During the life-or-death struggle, Kieta kept asking the intruder why he broke into his house.

“He said, ‘I was looking for my cat.’ I said, ‘Your cat? You’re in my house!’”

20 tries to dial 911
Castro also said he was looking for Kieta’s daughter, 18-year-old Alexandra; he also has a 16-year-old son, Allan III. Kieta later learned that Castro had worked with a crew on their yard three years earlier and had befriended Alexandra and Allan. Kieta figures that Castro thought no one would be home on a Monday morning and the house would be an easy touch.

Once in the kitchen, Kieta dragged Castro to the stove and grabbed a large chef’s knife.

“I love to cook and it’s sitting right beside the stove to the right,” he told Lauer. “The kind of odd thing was, only one knife was left — it was a big one. All the others were in the dishwasher. It was really easy to find it. It was the only one there sticking out of the wooden block.”

He held the knife to Castro’s throat and went for the telephone. With his right arm wrapped around Castro’s neck and near total exhaustion, it took Kieta about 20 tries to dial 911 with his left hand.

He was so frustrated and Castro was so terrified that he offered to dial 911 himself. “He said, ‘Please, let me dial it. Please don’t kill me,’ ” Kieta said. But he finally got the three digits right and told the operator his situation.

The 911 tape records him saying, “I have an intruder and right now I have him with a knife.”

“Is he trying to fight with you right now?” the operator asked.

“No, I got the knife to his neck,” Kieta replied with remarkable calm.Police rushed to the home and arrested Castro. Kieta said his jaw was sore the next day from a few punches Castro got in, but otherwise he feels fine. But, he added, the next time his dog starts barking wildly, he’s not going to rush into another fight.

“I probably should have been a little more cautious,” he said. “Like maybe not just open the door and charge down the hallway.”

Lauer asked Alexandra if she was impressed by what her father had done.

“It’s kind of surprising he struggled that long,” she said, then added: “But he’s pretty beast-like.”

She meant it as a compliment.

5:55 am edt 

This is awesome!
Check out this video clip. It shows several incidences in Super Slow Motion. When it gets to the karate black belt breaking a block, look at what the impact shock wave does to his hand. Amazing!  Tim

http://www.komando.com/videos/5-1.asp
5:51 am edt 

Uncertain times, increase crime!
Do you Remember that #1 Gun Rule?
'Don't pick a fight with an old man. If he's too old to fight, he'll just kill you.'
Well, here's the proof:

The 71-year-old retired Marine who opened fire on two robbers at a Plantation, FL , sub shop late Wednesday, killing one and critically wounding the other, is described as John Lovell, a former pilot for two presidents. He doesn't drink, he doesn't smoke, he works out everyday. Lovell was a man of action Wednesday night. According to Plantation police, two masked gunmen came into the Subway at 1949 N. Pine Rd. Just after 11 p.m. There was a lone diner -- Lovell, who was finishing his meal. After robbing the cashier, the two men attempted to shove Lovell into a bathroom and rob him as well. They got his money. But then Lovell pulled his handgun, opened fire, shooting one of the thieves in the head and chest and the other in the head. When police arrived, they found one of the men in the shop. K-9 units found the other in the bushes of a nearby business.

They also found cash strewn around the front of the sandwich shop according to Detective Robert Rettig of the Plantation Police Department. Both men were taken to Broward General Medical Center, where one, Donicio Arrindell, 22, of North Lauderdale died. The other, 21-year-old Frederick Gadson of Fort Lauderdale is in critical but stable condition.

A longtime friend of Lovell, was not surprised to hear what happened. ''He'd give you the shirt off his back, and he'd be mad if someone tried to take the shirt off your back,'' he said. Lovell worked
as a pilot for the Marines, flying former Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

He later worked as a pilot for Pan Am and Delta. Lovell is not married and does not have children.

He is not expected to be charged, authorities said ''He was in fear for his life,'' Rettig said. 'These criminals ought to realize that most men in their 70's have military backgrounds and aren't intimidated by idiots.

The only thing he could be charged with is participating in an unfair fight. One 71 -year young Marine against two punks.
Two head shots and one center-body-mass shot - good shooting! That'll teach them not to get between a Marine and his meal. Don't you just love a story with a happy ending?
(Florida law allows law-abiding citizens to carry a concealed weapon.)
Semper Fi
5:41 am edt 

Multiple Attackers

 Multiple attackers

 The author's thinking is aligned with what Ed Parker thought about tying up his hands by grabbing one guy.

I've hammered home the importance of the cold hard fact: "you do what you train". Anything you do in a training environment is exactly how you are conditioning yourself to respond in a life-or-death situation. Most of my clients understand this principle in applying trauma to the body. They are careful to insure that they strike with a tight fist or make sure that they complete the rotation of their body to deploy maximum force upon the given target area of the other guy.So where do problems occur? Most people train for a one-on-one confrontation.They are excellent at handling the one guy but add in another guy... and watch the meltdown occur.I was training a well-known counter-terror unit a few years back and let them see first-hand the danger in this oversight.They had been training heavily in a well-known ju-jitsu system prior to my course. This was a combat sport-based system that is very effective in the ring.But it does no good to tell people that what they trained may have problems associated with it because often they have a strong emotional attachment to the training. Better to let them see a gap and then offer a solution.So I asked for the best grappler of the group to don his field gear and go to the end of the training hall. I then grabbed 3 other members of the unit and had them do a simple "sacrificial lamb" attack. This is where one guy engages the prey and locks him up, then the other 2 swoop in for the kill.Well, sure enough, the first guy engages and is quickly taken to the ground by the fighter and put in a very painful arm-bar. This guy was amazingly good at ju-jitsu and would be a terror in the ring -- except this wasn't a ring, and there was no ref. In fact, no sooner had the arm-bar been applied than the other 2 were upon him, had his weapons and could have "killed" him at any time.This simple gangbanger attack easily defeated a highly trained operator because he had handled a multifight like a sport competition. In fact, the unit later confessed that they had never trained with their weapons on the whole time they trained "hand-to-hand". The focus had been more to see who could make the other "tap out" first. This is a dangerous way to train for a lethal criminal confrontation.You must always treat every confrontation as having multiple guys. You need to be instructed how to be a "360-degree" fighter and to be aware of your surroundings at all times. In TFT, all fighting is against multiple guys even in a one-on-one training session. This means as I take out my current victim I'm aware of my surroundings and SEARCHING for my next victim.The training methods we use are beyond the scope of this newsletter. But if you've never really trained for multiple guys then you've never trained for life-or-death confrontations. Don't make that mistake.
Until next time,Tim Larkin Creator of Target-Focus(TM) Training
5:39 am edt 

Improving Reading Skills
Carnegie Mellon brain imaging study illustrates how remedial instruction helps poor readers

Poor readers achieved brain activation levels seen in skilled readers after 100 hours of extra trainingJust as a disciplined exercise regimen helps human muscles become stronger and perform better, specialized workouts for the brain can boost cognitive skills, according to Carnegie Mellon scientists. Their new brain imaging study of poor readers found that 100 hours of remedial instruction - reading calisthenics, of sorts, aimed to shore up problem areas - not only improved the skills of struggling readers, but also changed the way their brains activated when they comprehended written sentences.The results may pave the way to a new era of neuro-education.Carnegie Mellon researchers say poor readers initially have less activation in the parietotemporal area of the brain, which is the region responsible for decoding the sounds of written language and assembling them into words and phrases that make up a sentence, than do good readers. However, remedial instruction increases the struggling readers' activation to near normal levels.This also was the first brain imaging study in which children were tested on their understanding of the meanings of sentences, not just on their recognition of single words."This study demonstrates how the plasticity of the human brain can work for the benefit of remedial learning," says neuroscientist Marcel Just, director of Carnegie Mellon's Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging (CCBI), and senior author of the new study currently available on the Web site of the journal Neuropsychologia. "We are at the beginning of a new era of neuro-education."The poor readers worked in groups of three for an hour a day with a reading "personal trainer," a teacher specialized in administering a remedial reading program. The training included both word decoding exercises in which students were asked to recognize the word in its written form and tasks in using reading comprehension strategies. The poor readers were 25 fifth-graders taken from a stratified sample from schools in Allegheny County, which is home to Pittsburgh and a number of its surrounding municipalities.Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), CCBI Research Fellows Ann Meyler and Tim Keller measured blood flow to all of the different parts of the brain while children were reading and found that that the parietotemporal areas were significantly less activated among the poor readers than in the control group. The sound-based representation that is constructed in the parietal areas is then processed for the meanings of the words and the structure of the sentence, activating other brain areas.The sentences were relatively straightforward ones, which the children judged as being sensible or nonsense, such as "The girl closed the gate" and "The man fed the dress." The children's accurate sensibility judgments ensured that they were actually processing the meaning of the sentences, and not just recognizing the individual words.Further, the activation increases in the previously underactivating areas remained evident well after the intensive instruction had ended. When the children's brains were scanned one year after instruction, their neural gains were not only maintained but became more solidified."With the right kind of intensive instruction, the brain can begin to permanently rewire itself and overcome reading deficits, even if it can't entirely eliminate them," Just said.These findings of initial parietotemporal underactivation among poor readers provide evidence against a common misconception about dyslexia. There is a persistent but incorrect belief that dyslexia is primarily caused by difficulties in the visual perception of letters, leading to confusions between letters like "p" and "d". However, such visual difficulties are the cause of dyslexia in only about 10 percent of the cases. The most common cause, accounting for more than 70 percent of dyslexia, is a difficulty in relating the visual form of a letter to its sound, which is not a straightforward process in the English language. The same parietotemporal areas of the brain that showed increased activation following instruction are centrally involved in this sound-based processing.The findings also give hope to using the marvels of brain plasticity for instructional purposes in "new" (for the brain) subject areas. "The human brain did not evolve to process written language, which is a cultural invention dating back only 5000 years," Just said. "Some people's brains happen to be less proficient at relating written symbols to the sounds of language, and they need focused instruction to get those areas up to an adequate level of performance." Other skills that may be valuable as newer technologies (than written language) arise should also be amenable to neuroinstruction."Any kind of education is a matter of training the brain. When poor readers are learning to read, a particular brain area is not performing as well as it might, and remedial instruction helps to shape that area up," Just said. "This finding shows that poor readers can be helped to develop buff brains. A similar approach should apply to other skills."
5:36 am edt 

Hitting Your Targets

I sent this info out recently before I had a blog. This is an excerpt as posted in Lee Wedlakes blog.  TW

Shot (Strike) Placement

Tim Walker sent this in. It's about shot placement and refers to handguns but the information as to psychological "Superman Effect" is also applicable to unarmed combat. This is just a part of the article, published by Frontsite, and shooting school in Nevada. One of my friends went there recently and said it's worth going back to take again.

Pay close attention to the following facts:
1. Range was 20 feet.
2. Three officers involved.
3. One adversary, 18 years old.
4. Officers used M4s with 55 grain and 75 grain .223 ammunition and Glock 22’s with Speer 180 grain Gold Dot ammunition.
5. Adversary used .45 ACP handgun.
6. Trace amounts of marijuana in adversary’s system.
7. 107 rounds fired by two officers with 17 rounds striking adversary (16% hit ratio).
8. Of the 17 hits, 11 created exit wounds.
9. NO HEAD SHOT DELIVERED by officers at range of 20 feet from either their rifles or handguns.
10. Adversary fired 26 rounds and reloaded magazine from a box of loose ammunition.
11. Incident lasted approximately 3.5 minutes.
12. When adversary was no longer able to return fire, officers still had to “fight” to get him handcuffed.
13. Interesting tattoos on very dedicated adversary.
14. I would add under the FBI’s Lessons Learned Section that when you do not inflict immediate, incapacitating damage to your adversary, you often create a “Superman Effect” in your adversary from the normal physiologic response to significant, but non-life threatening injury.
I experienced this myself when I broke both arms in an all terrain vehicle accident 20 years ago. I distinctly remember looking at both wrists, twisted and broken, but remarkably felt NO PAIN. I was so surprised by the lack of pain that I actually shook the wrists a bit in disbelief! I then crossed my arms, holding the wrists close to my body for support, and JOGGED back toward camp for several minutes before the pain began and then quickly intensified to the point where any movement of my body was extremely painful. It is during this brief but significant period of NO PAIN that your adversary can fight you like a “Superman” even though you may be continuing to deliver hits to his body.
5:33 am edt 

Thursday, September 4, 2008

Labor Day Mini Kenpo Camp
The Labor Day weekend mini-camp was attended by 15 children and 20 adults from six states.
Steve White's seminar for business owners was very well received. The children's seminar was co-taught by Florida's Tim Walker and South Carolina's Bruce Meyer. Bruce remarked that one of the kids talked with him afterwards and told him the last time he had visited he was a yellow belt and now he's going for brown. All the kids had a good time and got participation certificates. Thanks to K. Zwarg's Karate and Gulf Coast Kenpo for their support. (That's Tim in the photo).
Saturday's seminar was kicked off by Mr. Meyer, who taught aspects of developing and executing self-defense demos and competition routines. The battle cry was "You gotta sell it!"
Steve White followed with a dynamic presentation of how to increase your knowledge by looking into your sequences instead of just collecting more "stuff".
A lunch break included some presentations. Jim Middlebrooks, an artist from South Carolina and black belt under Bruce Meyer, was present. Jim does portraits of fallen soldiers for the families and gave me a book of them. Two members of the Special Forces Motorcycle Club were on hand to be part of the presentation, Bo McCormick and Bill Hood, shown in the photo below. SFMC is giving Jim a certificate of appreciation for his efforts. We had all the veterans of the armed Forces present jump in the photo too, also below.

Ed Cabrera taught a great class on infusing boxing into Kenpo, followed by my presentation on the overkill principle. The seminar was concluded with a short session in which some of us present who knew Mr. Parker told a few stories and answered questions. Ed Cabrera, Lance Soares, Tony Velada, Bruce Meyer, Dr. Francis Rene, Steve White, and myself comprised a panel, which was a lot of fun.
Many in the group joined us for dinner that evening. Sunday morning the out-of-state participants left, some of them had to change their flights home due to Hurricane Gustav.
Below is an e-mail I received after the camp.

Dear Mr. Wedlake: I just want to drop you a short note to tell you how much I enjoyed the camp.
"Drinking from a fire hydrant" is a big understatement! Each one of the segments presented by you, Mr. White, Mr. Meyer and Mr. "Eddie" Cabrera was unique and well thought of with many useful 'take away' concepts.
Just as important, it was a lot of fun to work out with buddies from all over the country and exchange ideas with them.
Finally, getting insights about Mr. Parker's life and personality from people that met him was a wonderful ending.
All in all, it was a terrific experience... Thank you for making it happen!
Cordially / Carlos
If you were there, thanks for your support. If you missed it, I hope you can make a future event.



9:23 am edt 

Husband & Wife fight off Armed Intruder
Monroe couple describe how they fought off armed man
By Jackson Holtz, Herald WriterMONROE -- A few hours before Donna Angevine smacked an intruder in the head more than 20 times with a baseball bat early Thursday, she was sparring with her tae kwan do instructor.He had to egg her on."Hit me," the instructor told her. Be aggressive.The self-defense and martial arts training paid off for the Monroe woman, 45, when she and her husband, Roger Angevine, woke up to find a man in their bedroom."I'm here to rob you," they remember him saying.Nearly a week later, the couple has stitches and deep purple bruises. Donna Angevine has a black eye. Her husband, 48, has a foot-long bruise on his side and a bite mark on his thigh.The carpet in their bedroom, where the attack occurred, was removed. Police said the blood from the fight rendered it a biohazard and it needed to be destroyed.The intruder is behind bars.Taking a break from mowing their lawn Tuesday, the couple -- he's a retired business owner and she's a doggie fashion designer -- recounted their ordeal.Roger Angevine said at first he thought maybe the intruder was a friend pulling a prank. He asked the man if he was serious."Does this feel serious?" the stranger said.Angevine felt the sharp slap of a baseball bat against his torso.The blow triggered a 15-­minute struggle.The man ordered the couple, who were naked and unarmed, to the ground.That's when Roger Angevine decided to fight back.He tackled the intruder, hitting him with such force that he knocked the man's head through the drywall."My goal was to grab onto his wrists and hold on," Roger Angevine said.An avid snowmobiler, Roger Angevine said he knows how to grip handlebars strong enough to save his life. Grasping the man's wrists was similar.The couple was able to take away the intruder's gun and baseball bat."Hit him! Hit him! Hit him!" Roger Angevine yelled to his wife.Again and again, Donna Angevine swung the bat at the man's head. She pleaded with him to stop fighting, but he continued."Please stop fighting," she said. "I don't want to hurt you anymore."The fight went back and forth from the bedroom into an adjoining weight room. The two men wrestled while Donna Angevine kept swinging the bat.At one point, the intruder bit Roger Angevine's thigh."That's actually what pissed me off," he said.Finally, the intruder succumbed. The couple hog-tied him with belts and Donna Angevine sat on him until Snohomish County sheriff's deputies arrived."I came to make a quick buck," the man, 24, told police, according to court papers.He said he walked from his Bothell home to the couple's residence at the end of a long private road in rural Monroe, the documents said."You have a lovely home," the man told the couple during the robbery attempt. "I thought you'd have lots of cash."The intruder was hospitalized Thursday with a head wound. On Friday, he was booked into the Snohomish County Jail for investigation of first-degree burglary, first-degree robbery, second-degree assault and possession of a stolen firearm. He was being held Tuesday on $100,000 bail.Police found in the man's backpack a knife, plastic zip ties, white nylon rope, black duct tape and a single roll of toilet paper, potentially for use in gagging his victims.Roger Angevine said he finds it hard to believe someone would randomly stumble upon the house he and his wife built eight years ago. The intruder also seemed to know the layout of the house.The man slipped in through an unlocked door, fetched a slab of bacon from the kitchen to lure the couple's three dogs away and found the bedroom amid the sprawling floor plan, Angevine said.Snohomish County detectives continue to investigate the break-in. The Angevines acted in self-defense and will not face charges, officials said.The couple said they're locking their doors and have beefed up their security plan.They hope their ordeal will provide a cautionary tale to others."You can't rely on locked doors to stop a guy with a gun, baseball bat and a mission," Roger Angevine said. "You have to be able to defend yourself."On Tuesday night, Donna Angevine said she continued her self-defense training at a session for women at Tiger Rock tae kwon do in Monroe."The guy just picked the wrong people to mess with," she said.
9:21 am edt 


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